Book of Galatians Law vs Grace with Firsts and Seconds including God's Promise and discussion of Faith compared to Mosaic Law
Book of Galatians Law vs Grace with Firsts and Seconds including God's Promise and discussion of Faith compared to Mosaic Law

Argumentation - The Book of Galatians



Ancient Galatia was an area in the highlands of central Anatolia, (Ankara, Corum, Yozgat Province) in what is now modern day Turkey. Galatia was named for the Celtic Gauls who had migrated, then invaded the Balkans and settled there, becoming its ruling caste in the 3rd. century BC.. When the Apostle Paul first preached the Gospel in Galatia, many were called by God, believed in Yeshua, and had converted to what we now refer to as Christianity.

Paul, who was chosen by Yeshua, (Acts 9:15.), and who Yeshua personally revealed His Gospel to, (2 Corinthians 12:1-7.) would have taught them the One and Only True Gospel of Jesus Christ. However it had come to Paul’s attention that the Galatians had strayed from the truth of that Gospel, and the necessity of this epistle became apparent.

Before continuing, let’s look at what Luke recorded in Acts 9:15., and at what the Lord Himself said to Ananias in that verse;
But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto Me, to bear My Name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:

The English “chosen” above was derived from the Greek feminine noun “ἐκλογῆς”, transliterated as “eklogē
Eklogē is defined as, “the act of picking out, choosing, specifically used of that act of God's free will by which before the foundation of the world He decreed His blessings to certain persons; and, the decree made from choice by which God determined to bless certain persons through Christ by grace alone.

The “vessel” was derived from the Greek neuter noun “σκεῦος” or “skeous” and is defined as,“a vessel, implement, chosen instrument, or tool”, something to accomplish a specific task.

The “bear” is from the Greek verb “βαστάσαι” or “bastazō” and would be defined in context as, “to take up in order to carry or bear, to put upon an individual (something) to be carried”. Which in this instance would be, by Paul “preaching, and carrying the knowledge of Yeshua’s Name, (sent forth as a messenger with Divine authority) to the Gentiles, kings and the children of Israel.

It is critical that the above be fully understood. Both Yeshua and Father God chose Saul/Paul to be an instrument through which the truth of Yeshua and His Name, would be carried and preached. You either believe that the Divine is infallible in this choice, or you don’t.

For Paul also says within Romans 2:16.;
In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.

Which means that, like the Divine’s infallible choice to commission Paul to be this messenger, the message of the Gospel that he preaches as Their delegate, also has Divine authority.

Now unfortunately, there appears to be quite a few individuals that are under the impression that this epistle, is simply addressing the solitary physical act of circumcision.

Question; Where is it written that the Mosaic Law is like a menu, where God’s Commandments are like items that can be either chosen or discarded depending upon the particular tastes of the individual? The Mosaic Law is and always has been, a corpus of instruction, where an individual must fulfill each and every Law that pertains specifically to them, perfectly. See Deuteronomy 4:2.

Although the subject of circumcision is mentioned a total of sixteen (16) times within the Book itself, the meaning behind its utilization varies.
For example, respectively within the following verses, Galatians 2:7., ἀκροβυστίας – akrobystias (the uncircumcision), περιτομῆς – peritomēs (the circumcision) as well as 2:8., 2:9., and 2:12.,  περιτομῆς – peritomēs (the circumcisionhere both uncircumcision and circumcision refer to and denote a specific people.

Whereas within Galatians 2:3., περιτμηθῆναι – peritmēthēnai (to be circumcised),
5:2., περιτέμνησθε – peritemnēsthe (if ye be circumcised),
5:3., περιτεμνομένῳ – peritemnomenō (that is circumcised),
6:12., περιτέμνεσθαι – peritemnesthai (to be circumcised),
6:13., περιτεμνόμενοι – peritemnomenoi (who are circumcised) and περιτέμνεσθαι – peritemnesthai (have you circumcised), are referring to the specific physical act itself.

As does Galatians 5:6. and 6:15., where Paul states that if you are in Yeshua, that the physical act of being circumcised (περιτομή – peritomē) or uncircumcised (ἀκροβυστία – akrobystia), means nothing and makes no difference, for there is only faith through love in being a new (second) creature or creation.

Lastly, if understood in context, within Galatians 5:11., where Paul utilizes circumcision, (περιτομὴν – peritomēn), he is referring to a specific doctrine.

What apparently escapes those that believe that this epistle is simply addressing the physical act of circumcision, is the reason and motivation behind why any of the Galatians would have chosen to become circumcised in the first place?

It obviously wasn’t anything that Paul had taught them, or the necessity of this epistle would have simply been meaningless.

So who, out of all of the peoples of the earth, would have introduced the notion of the requirement to be circumcised to the Galatians?
The answer of course would clearly be, a Jewish individual or individuals.

And if a Jewish individual or individuals held the belief of that obligation to be circumcised, why in the process of persuading another people to do so, would they not also coax those people to also include the rest of the Mosaic Law?

Again, as per what Paul says within 5:6. and 6:15. if you are “in” Yeshua, the physical act of circumcision in itself means nothing.
However, if an individual ascribes to that act as somehow being necessary to maintain the position that they have obtained by Grace through the finished work of Yeshua, therein is where the problem lies.
And it is that specific motivation and the ensuing consequences of doing this, which Paul is addressing and contending with.

Hence why he states within Galatians 5:3,4.;
For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.”
I will provide more information on the above two verses when we come to them.

My personal reason for undertaking in this endeavour, is to edify and strengthen the faith of those that are already aware of what Paul is expressing within this particular epistle, and, to hopefully “open the eyes and hearts” of those that may hold an opposing point of view.

Father God is well aware of my heart for ALL of mankind, and Paul was of Jewish heritage himself, therefore none of the content within this commentary should be even remotely misconstrued as being anti-Semitic.

As I have done above, I will quote in red from the King James which is public domain, and will place in bold type some of the more important aspects of what is written within each verse to pay particular attention to. I will comment on that bold type, by either providing the definitions of the Greek, (or Hebrew where applicable) to ensure a more thorough understanding, or by expanding on the fulness of what is being stated in a more contemporary vernacular.
                                                                                                       All emphasise is mine.

I would ask that you keep the following verse in mind, for it is fundamental in understanding what are critical portions of this commentary.

Amos 3:7.;
Surely the Lord GOD will do nothing, but He revealeth His secret unto His servants the prophets.
(Note: Prophets would also include Yeshua Himself, and Apostles.)

On the surface of the text, what is said above seems to be relatively straight forward, however is the depth of that statement fully understood?

What Amos 3:7. is stating is that; “God’s Word” is entirely complete in itself.
That from Genesis through to and including Revelation, everything regarding God’s Will and His overall Plan for man has been expressed and is contained within Scripture.
The Lord God will NOT do anything, that He hasn’t already revealed through His prophets.”

Although the above would appear to be accurate, based simply upon what is stated within the verse itself, how in being true, are we able to hold the vastness of all that the above implies,“in one solitary hand?”

The answer is; Because “God in His Glory is incomprehensibly proficient!

What this means then is, that “passages of verses” are also at times “polysemantic” in that they are not only expressing one narrative and truth, but that the text itself actually consists of a “duality or multiplicity of meanings”, which can also be referencing completely different scenarios, individuals or groups, than what the text you may be reading is essentially expressing on the surface.

This fact has already been demonstrated within the New Second Covenant “countless times”, where Yeshua, Apostle’s and Disciple’s “cull out verses” from the Old First Covenant text, that were completely applicable to the narrative in which they were utilized initially, and reapply “these exact same verses” to express and reveal a new and previously unrealized Biblical Truth.

I would like to apologize beforehand, to anyone that finds the following to be highly repetitive.
However, repetition is sometimes necessary, not only to drive home a point, but to also challenge someone’s preconceived belief’s.    
Book of Galatians Law vs Grace with Firsts and Seconds including God's Promise and discussion of Faith compared to Mosaic Law