Book of Galatians Law vs Grace with Firsts and Seconds including God's Promise and discussion of Faith compared to Mosaic Law
Book of Galatians Law vs Grace with Firsts and Seconds including God's Promise and discussion of Faith compared to Mosaic Law

Argumentation - The Book of Galatians

Chapters 5 & 6
Galatians, Chapter 5.;

5:1. Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be NOT entangled again with the Yoke of Bondage.

Or, “(Hold your ground in your FAITH and) keep standing firm in the LIBERTY through which Christ has made you FREE with His Finished Work on the Cross, and Don't become a slave to the Mosaic Law again.”

5:2. Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.

Or, “Look, as a messenger that was chosen and taught by Jesus Himself, don’t take what I am saying to you lightly, because if you listen to those that have bewitched you, and you believe that it’s necessary to be circumcised, and religiously observe the Mosaic Law, then CHRIST WILL BE NO BENEFIT TO YOU AT ALL.”

5:3. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole (Mosaiclaw.

Or, ”For I’m declaring to you again, that every man that believes that it’s necessary to be circumcised, and does so, is now obligated to fulfill ALL (each and every commandment, with no exception) of the Mosaic Law that pertains to you.”

So let’s summarize what Paul has just told us within the last three (3) verses.

In context, from what is clearly stated by Paul’s explanation of God’s damah within Galatians 4:21-31., we have the choice to be “Ishmael” and a “firstborn desolate child born of flesh” or “Isaac” and a “second born child of PROMISE, and born of SPIRIT”.
We have the choice to be “Ishmael” and “observe the Mosaic Law”, or be “Isaac” and instead “LIVE BY FAITH”.

And Paul being chosen and taught by Yeshua Himself, highly recommends in verse 5:1., that we “Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be NOT entangled again with the Yoke of Bondage.”.

And one of the reasons that he highly recommends this “Faith” and “Walking in the SPIRIT” as opposed to the “Mosaic Law” is because if you listen to those that have bewitched you, and you believe that it’s necessary to be circumcised, then Christ will be no benefit to you at all, and you are now obligated to fulfill ALL (each and every commandment, with no exception) of the Mosaic Law that pertains to you.

And the reason “WHY” are you now “obligated (opheiletēs) to fulfill ALL (holos) each and every commandment, with no exception of the Mosaic Law that pertains to you” is answered by Paul within the very next verse.
Where Paul expounds upon what he has just said in verse 5:2. that “Christ will be no benefit to you at all” by saying...

5:4. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the (Mosaic) law; ye are fallen from grace.

Let’s look a bit closer at the above verse.
The Morphological Greek text, the text that Paul actually wrote, is rendered as;
κατηργήθητε ἀπὸ Χριστοῦ οἵτινες ἐν νόμῳ δικαιοῦσθε τῆς χάριτος ἐξεπέσατε

Transliterated as;
katērgēthēte apo Christou hoitines en nomō dikaiousthe tēs charitos exepesate

Literally translated as rendered;
“You have been severed from Christ you who by (Mosaic) Law are seeking to be justified grace you have fallen

The English that has been translated into “become of no effect unto you” within verse 5:4. is derived from the Greek verb “κατηργήθητε” transliterated as “katērgēthēte” from the root “katargeō”.

Katargeō is defined as, “to render idle, unemployed, inactivate, inoperative, to cause a person or thing to have no further efficiency, to deprive of force, influence, power, to cause to cease, put an end to, do away with, annul, abolish, to cease, to pass away, be done away, to be severed from, separated from, discharged from, loosed from any one.”

The English that has been translated into “fallen” is derived from the Greek verb “ἐξεπέσατε” transliterated as “exepesate” from the root “ekpiptō”. 

Ekpiptō is comprised of the Greek preposition “ek” which is properly defined in context as, “out of, from, away from” and the Greek verb “piptō” which is defined in context as, “to fall, to descend from a higher place to a lower, to fall under judgment, come under condemnation, to fall out, fall from, i.e. shall perish or be lost, to fall from a state of uprightness, to lose authority, no longer have force, to fail of participating in, miss a share in, etc.”

Thus ekpiptō is defined as, “To fall out of, to fall down from, to fall off. And as a metaphor, To fall from a thing, to lose it. To perish, to fall. To fall from a place from which one cannot keep, fall from a position. To fall powerless, to fall to the ground, be without effect, i.e. in respects to the Divine Promise of Salvation.”

Therefore Galatians 5:4. in the full context of the definitions, could have very well been translated as;

You have been severed from Christ, and have rendered what He has done for you completely ineffectual. Those of you that are seeking to justify yourselves by observing the Mosaic Law, have FALLEN and LOST the GIFT of GRACE and GOD’S GRACE IS NO LONGER AVAILABLE TO YOU!

Remember, Paul has just stated the above to those that already have Faith and Belief in Yeshua and who have also already been born of the Spirit.

Where WE, depending upon our demonstrated behaviour, can LOSE IT.
In this case, the context consists of the practicing of a different gospel, one that is comprised of the belief that it is necessary to be circumcised and religiously observe the Mosaic Law.

Again if this isn’t the case, (in spite of the overwhelming evidence that it is) then this entire epistle to the churches of Galatia is simply pointless.

Therefore, in having Fallen and Lost God’s Grace, you are now obligated to religiously fulfill ALL ( each and every commandment, with no exception) of the Mosaic Law that pertains to you, because the Mosaic Law has now become your only available means to obtain any “righteousness” before a Holy Father God whatsoever.

Again, Father God has provided mere man with two means to obtain “righteousness, (tsĕdaqah or dikaiosynē)”.
One was through Moses and the Mosaic Law, (Deuteronomy 6:25.- tsĕdaqah) which is symbolically represented by Hagar and Ishmael.

The Mosaic Law consists of mankind's own performance, symbolically represented by Abram and Hagar’s natural human effort to conceive the son that God Himself had Promised to deliver. The result of that union between Abram and Hagar only produced Ishmael a natural, firstborn child of flesh.

Hagar giving birth to Ishmael as a natural, firstborn child of flesh, (who was not born by the Spirit) symbolically represents natural Israel, God’s firstborn (Exodus 4:22.) those that don’t have Faith and Believe or TRUST in God’s Promise, or Yeshua’s Finished Work.

Paul says in Ephesians 2:12.;
That at that time ye were Without Christ, being aliens from the Commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

Though speaking to Gentiles above, Natural unbelieving Israel, is “Without Christ” and are therefore also aliens from this “ Commonwealth of Israel”, and are also “ strangers from the covenants of promise”, having no hope, and without God in the world:”

Natural Israel doesn’t believe, and is not “born of God’s Spirit” and that is why they are the desolate children because they are still in their sin with the Mosaic Law as being their only means whatsoever to obtain any righteousness before God at all.

The other and only means now, (John 14:6. for example) is through YESHUA by Belief and Faith, (Romans 10:4. - dikaiosynē) which is symbolically represented by Sarah and Isaac.

Through our Belief and Faith we are demonstrating our TRUST and Full and Total Reliance on Yeshua’s Performance and His Finished Work.
His free gift of righteousness that He attained on our behalf.
Yeshua, the culmination of God’s Promise, is foreshadowed through Sarah and Isaac.

Sarah being barren, foreshadows Mary being a virgin, where Divine Intervention through God and Spirit took place for both births to come to fruition.
Isaac was Abraham’s second born son of Promise, where Father God only recognizes Isaac as being the legitimate child.
Yeshua was Father God’s Second Born Son of Promise, where Father God only recognizes Yeshua as being the Legitimate Child.

WE who LIVE by FAITH, (and not by the Mosaic Law) whether you were a Jew or Gentile, “Have Christ” and belong to the “ Commonwealth of Israel”.
WE who LIVE by FAITH, have access to “ the covenants of promise”.
WE have “Hope” and WE have “God” while We are here in this world.
WE who LIVE by FAITH, are “the children of Promise”!

Another thing that I would like to mention here before we continue is this;
Remember earlier, within verse 3:12. of this epistle, that Paul had stated that “the (Mosaiclaw is not of FAITH”?
Well, if you can “Fall from Grace” by religiously observing the Mosaic Law because you happen to believe it is necessary to do so, and the Mosaic Law is NOT of FAITH, isn’t that behavior and choice tantamount to APOSTASY?

2 Thessalonians 2:3.;
Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away (apostasia; defection, apostasy) first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;

I truly believe that this particular practice to religiously observe the Mosaic Law, as believers in Yeshua, is a component of that prophesised apostasy.

Paul also says within Galatians 2:21.;
"I do NOT frustratethe grace of God: for if righteousness come by the (Mosaic) law, then Christ is dead in vain."

And again, the definitions for the translated “frustrate” are, “atheteō; to do away with, to set aside, disregard, to thwart the efficacy of anything, nullify, make void, frustrate, to reject, to refuse, to slight”.

So, if you as a believer choose to religiously observe the Mosaic Law, and become an Ishmael, then by that choice you have made void and nullified God’s Grace, because you have chosen the Mosaic Law OVER Yeshua’s Finished Work on your behalf, and have also chosen to NOT Trust in God's Promise.

You have simply chosen to not be redeemed from the Mosaic Law.
Therefore you are now obligated to religiously fulfill each and every jot and tittle of the Mosaic Law that pertains specifically to you, with the hopes that you can obtain some form of righteousness to lay at the feet of Yeshua at the time of your judgement.

This is why Paul say’s next.....

5:5. For WE THROUGH THE SPIRIT wait for the hope of righteousness BY FAITH.

It is by FAITH, (not the Mosaic Law) that we are LED by and through the SPIRIT, and it is through the SPIRIT that GOD The FATHER has written the LAW, (Tôwrâhdirections, instructions and teachings) of CHRIST in our hearts.
We as true followers, are waiting for the hope of righteousness by Demonstrating our Discipleship by LOVING and CARING for OTHERS.

Hence the very next verse....

5:6. For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision; BUT FAITH which worketh (energeō; to display one's activity, show one's self operative) by LOVE.

Or, “If you are truly the bondservant of Jesus Christ, then understand that neither circumcision and the Mosaic Law, or uncircumcision for that matter, will be any benefit to you at all. What will benefit you though is, Demonstrating that your FAITH isn’t DEAD, by LOVING and CARING for OTHERS.”

Ephesians 2:10.;
For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

We are a brand new second creation that is born of God’s Spirit that “Walks in Love”, (Ephesians 5:2) which is totally contrary to the ways of this world.

Colossians 3:12.-14.;
Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering; Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye.
And above all these things put on charity , (agapē LOVE) which is the bond of perfectness .

And it is by this “demonstration of Love”, by our “demonstrating the fruits of the Spirit”,  that we will be known as Yeshua’s disciples, (John 13:35.).


 5:7. Ye did run well; who did hinder you (egkoptō; to cut into, to impede one's course by cutting off his way) that ye should NOT obey the truth? 

5:8. This persuasion (peismonē; treacherous or deceptive persuasion) cometh NOT of Him (Father God) that calleth you.

5:9. A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.

Or, “In the beginning, all of you were walking in FAITH and you were doing so well.
Who was it that impeded you and sent you down the wrong path to where you are now NOT OBEYING the TRUTH?
This treacherous and deceptive doctrine that has bewitched you, DOESN’T come from Father God who called you.
Don’t you know that a little sin can make the whole batch sinful?” 

5:10. I have confidence in you through the Lord, that ye will be none otherwise minded: but he that troubleth you (tarassō; in context as per Galatians 1:7.; to perplex the mind of one by suggesting scruples or doubts) shall bear his judgment, whosoever he be.

Or, “I have confidence through the Lord, that you will comprehend everything that I have explained and told you in this letter, and that all of you will now be of one mind again and walk in FAITH in the SPIRIT. Because the one that bewitched you, and perplexed your mind causing you to have doubts with his treacherous and deceptive doctrine, will certainly bear his judgement, whoever he is.”

5:11. And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased.

Now, in the Morphological Greek text, Paul wrote this verse as;
ἐγὼ δέ ἀδελφοί εἰ περιτομὴν ἔτι κηρύσσω τί ἔτι διώκομαι ἄρα κατήργηται τὸ σκάνδαλον τοῦ σταυροῦ

This in turn would be literally translated as;
I but brethren if circumcision I still preach why am I still persecuted then has been abolished the stumbling block of the cross

Or, “And brothers let me ask you this, if I preached the act of circumcision and the religious observance of the Mosaic Law, why would I still suffer this persecution by the Jews?
If I did preach circumcision and religious observance of the Mosaic Law, then the offence to the Jews regarding the stumbling stone of Faith in Jesus Christ and the Cross would cease to exist, and I wouldn’t be persecuted at all.”

5:12. I would they were even cut off which trouble you ( anastatoō; unsettle minds by disseminating religious error).

Or, as quoted directly from Thayer’s Greek Lexicon;
“I would that they (who urge the necessity of circumcision would not only circumcise themselves, but) would even mutilate themselves (or cut off their privy parts)”

I would add; “I wish that those that have bewitched you by putting doubt in your minds in spreading the error of their doctrine, (that it is necessary to be circumcised and religiously observe the Mosaic Law), would simply emasculate themselves and cut their member off.”

5:13. For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.

Or, “Because my brother’s, you have been called to LIBERTY and FREEDOM, NOT the bondage of the Mosaic Law; but though you are in FREEDOM, just make sure that you don’t use that LIBERTY as an opportunity to fulfill the lusts of the flesh. Instead, remember to serve one another by acts of love.”


5:15. But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.

Or, “So don’t criticize and hurt each other. Be careful that you don’t destroy one another.”

5:16. This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.

Or, “Instead, Walk in and be Led by the Spirit and be a disciple of the Lord’s by demonstrating the Fruits of the Spirit to all others. If you are focused on being LED by the Spirit as your guide and conscience, then you won’t have the desire to fulfill the sinful nature of your flesh.”

5:17. For the flesh lusteth against” (epithyméō; to have desires opposed to) the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.

Or, “For the sinful nature of your flesh fights against the Spirit and the Spirit fights against the flesh. The Spirit and the flesh are the opposite of each other and are adversary's. These two forces are constantly in conflict with each other, and though in your heart you may wish to do good, we have a natural tendency to follow the sinful nature of our flesh, which makes it very difficult sometimes to do what you wish you would do.”
(Figuratively; “flesh” also represents Ishmael, who is in opposition to the “Spirit”, mocking and laughing at the Spirit, represented by Isaac, or Yeshua. i.e. Genesis 21:9..)

5:18. But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are NOT under the (Mosaic) law.

Or, “Now none of us are perfect, but God knows your heart, and if you do your very best to Walk in and be Led by the Spirit as your guide and conscience, and be a disciple of the Lord’s by demonstrating the Fruits of the Spirit to others, (John 13:34,35.) then you are NOT under the Mosaic Law and it’s judgement penalties, but are under Grace, (Romans 6:14.).

5:19. Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
5:20. Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
5:21. Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

Or, “Now, the desires of the sinful nature of our flesh are these things, adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, envying’s, murders, drunkenness and revelling’s etc.. And I tell you again, as I have told you in the past, those that wilfully do those things (Hebrews 10:26-31.) and who take the Sacrifice of our Lord lightly, will NOT inherit the Kingdom of God.”
(Again Conditionality.)

5:22. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
5:23. Meekness, temperance: against such there is no (Mosaic) law.

Or, “But if you do your very best to Walk in and be Led by the Spirit as your guide and conscience, and be a disciple of the Lord’s by demonstrating love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control to others, (John 13:34,35.) then you are NOT under the Mosaic Law and it’s judgement penalties, but are under Grace, (Romans 6:14.).”

5:24. And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.

Or, “Because, those that are Christ’s, through Christ’s crucifixion, have not only died to the Mosaic Law, (Romans 7:1-6.) but have also died through the Spirit, to fulfill the desires of our sinful nature that is our flesh. Christ is our strength in our weakness to walk away from those past desires.”

5:25. If we Live in the Spirit, let us also Walk in the Spirit.

Or, “Therefore, if we Live in the Spirit by Faith, then let us do our very best to demonstrate our Faith by Walking in the Spirit, by performing acts of love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control to others.
(Because by doing so, we fulfill the Law (tôwrâh; direction, instruction and teaching) of Christ.)”

5:26. Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.

Or, “So don’t desire hollow glory, or challenge each other in some vain attempt to make anyone of your brothers jealous.”

Galatians chapter 6.;

6:1. Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted.

Or, in context with 5:26.; “So don’t desire hollow glory, or challenge each other in some vain attempt to make anyone of your brothers jealous. Instead, if you see a brother that has either been caught, or is about to lapse, and deviate from walking in the truth, those of you that are filled with and governed by the Spirit of God, restore and strengthen them in the spirit of humility and gentleness, taking into consideration your own weakness so you won’t be tempted also.”

6:2. Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the Law of Christ.

Or, “Demonstrate love and support each other in the troubles that we experience in life, and in doing so you will fulfill the Law (tôwrâh; direction, instruction and teaching) of Christ, the Royal Law, (James 2:8.)”

6:3. For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself.

Or, “For if a man thinks of himself to be something special, and more important than others, when he is really nothing at all, he is simply deceiving himself.

6:4. But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another.

Or, “But let each and every man examine the things that they do, and if what they do is approvable, then they have reason to rejoice in these things, instead of just rejoicing in the works of others.”

6:5. For every man shall bear his own burden.

Or, “For each and every man will be judged upon what they do.”

6:6. Let him that is taught in the word communicate unto him that teacheth in all good things.

Or, “Let him that is taught in the Word, (spiritual things) share with him that teaches in all good (material) things, (Romans 15:27., 1 Corinthians 9:11.).”

6:7. Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.

Or, “Make no mistake, God will certainly not be ridiculed. Whatever a man does, and whatever lifestyle a man lives for, he will be judged based upon what he does and that lifestyle.”

 6:8. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.

Or, “For the man that doesn’t demonstrate his Faith in love, or lives a lifestyle to simply satisfy the desires of his flesh, (Romans 6:9,10., Galatians 5:19-21., Ephesians 5:3.) will perishBut the man that does demonstrate his Faith in love, and lives a lifestyle that pursues the fruit of the Spirit, (Galatians 5:22-25., Colossians 3:12-15.) will receive everlasting life.”

6:9. And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.

Or, “So don’t allow yourself to get worn down by demonstrating loveto others, for eventually we will gather rewards if we continue to do so.”

6:10. As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith.

Or, “Therefore when opportunity presents itself, demonstrate love to everyone, especially to those that are our brothers and sisters in faith.”

6:11. Ye see how large a letter I have written unto you with mine own hand.

Or, “Do you see how much I care for you? How I am demonstrating my love for you by writing you such a long letter with my own hand?”

6:12. As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.

Or, “And it’s because I care so much for you that I’ll say this again. Those Jews that desire for you to be circumcised, (those that have bewitched you into practicing a different and perverted gospel) they are just afraid of being persecuted for teaching that all that is necessary, is the Faith in the Cross of Christ alone. They don’t know or understand that we are complete in Him. (Colossians 2:10.).”

6:13. For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the (Mosaic) law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.

Or, “For though they persuade and compel you to religiously observe the Mosaic Law, they can’t even keep the Mosaic Law themselves.
They only desire to have you become circumcised so they can boast about it to others.”

6:14. But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.

6:15. For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature .

Now there is duality of meaning within the above. In Heaven there is no need to observe the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law was an instrument for Yeshua to attain righteousness while here on earth, as the Second Adam on mere man's behalf. Since Paul references "the Cross of Christ" he is also referring to "Yeshua's Finished Work" and that "He has redeemed us from the Mosaic Law". So when he utilizes the word "world", he is also saying that he has died to the Mosaic Law and saying that neither circumcision or uncircumcision means anything now, but that what is of importance, is that we are all "New Second Creations" in Christ

Or “But God forbid that I would ever glory or boast about anything except the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ. For it is only because of His Sacrifice for me that the world and the Mosaic Law is dead to me, and I am dead to the world. For if you are in Christ Jesus, then being circumcised or uncircumcised doesn’t mean anything. What matters is that through your Belief and Faith you are now a new second born creation that is born of God’s Spirit.

6:16. And as many as walk according to this rule (kanōn; in context as a metaphor, any rule or standard, a principle), peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

Or, “So walk in love, and demonstrate the fruit of the Spirit to others. For as many that walk according to these principles, peace and mercy will be upon them, for they will have fulfilled the Law of Christ and they are the Israel of God.”

6:17. From henceforth let no man trouble me: for I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus.

6:18. Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.

We are to be OBEDIENT (hypakoē; complaint and in submission to) to the One True Gospel of YESHUA, and all that it entails as Believers who Live by Faith, (Romans 1:5., 6:16., 15:18., 16:19., 16:26., 2 Corinthians 7:15., 10:5,6., 1 Peter 1:2.,14. and 22.) where nowhere within New Second Covenant Scripture are we told, to “observe the Mosaic Law”. 

Now, if you as an individual, have been bewitched into believing that it is necessary to religiously observe the Mosaic Law, which in doing so it is evident from all that is stated within this epistle, that you have nullified, made void and fallen from the Grace of God, then it goes without saying, that you have also “quenched and grievedthe SPIRIT.

Because the Spirit testifies (martyreō; bears witness) and glorifies (doxazō; glorifies, magnifies and celebrates) Yeshua, NOT the Mosaic Law, (John 15:26. and 16:14.).

Quench, (1 Thessalonians 5:19.) being derived from the Greek verb “σβέννυτε” and the transliterated root, “sbennymi”, which would be defined as, “to extinguish, quench, to suppress of Divine Influence.”

Grieve, (Ephesians 4:30.) being derived from the Greek verb “λυπεῖτε” and the transliterated root, “lypeō”, which would be defined as, “to make sorrowful, to affect with sadness, to grieve, and offend.”

And in having done that, it would make you more susceptible to believing the teachings of men, (Ephesians 4:14.) rather than the teachings of God.

As well, you are totally incapable of fulfilling ALL of the Mosaic Law that pertains to you, as perfectly as Father God would fulfill them Himself, Matthew 5:48.. There is NO Temple or Levitical Priesthood to even assist you with that endeavour.
Reconcile that with Deuteronomy 4:2..
Note- the Levites didn’t have any inheritance

And if God didn’t receive any pleasure from any burnt offerings or the blood of bulls or goats (Psalms 40:6-8., Hebrews 10:6-8.), then how much pleasure do you think that HE receives by you religiously maintaining your meagre dietary observance or what have you?

You have “drawn back to the Mosaic Law” (i.e. Hebrews 10:38.) and disregarded Yeshua’s Finished Work and All that He has done for you on your behalf.

The “Good News” however, is that Paul wrote this epistle of correction, which would indicate that there is still HOPE for you as well.

Return to the flock of the ONE SHEPARD, and stop believing that it’s necessary to religiously observe the Mosaic Law, and start living solely in the Spirit by FAITH.


Before proceeding to the APPENDIX, where I will comment on Genesis 26:5. for those that somehow believe that Abraham fulfilled the Mosaic Law hundreds of years prior to its revelation upon SinaiI would first like to address the below.

In Galatians 6:16. Paul says;
And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

Do you understand what Paul has just said there?
Why he referred to the Gentile recipients of this epistle that adhere to the previously stipulated principles, of demonstrating love and the fruits of the Spirit as, the “Israel of God”?

Let’s look at that topic for a moment before continuing, because unfortunately, this is also not fully understood by many.

Do you remember that we previously went over Ephesians 2:12.?

For your convenience, I’ll provide Ephesians 2:12,13. below;
That at that time ye were WITHOUT CHRIST, being aliens from the Commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: BUT NOW IN CHRIST ye who sometimes were far off ARE MADE NEAR by the blood of Christ.

And of course what Paul is basically stating above, (which being to the Ephesians, was also to individual believing Gentiles as well) could be stated as....

Before you were WITH CHRIST, you were aliens from the Commonwealth of Israel.
You were strangers from the Covenants of Promise and you had No Hope, and you were also without God while you are here in this world.
BUT NOW that you are IN CHRIST you belong to the Commonwealth of Israel.
NO LONGER are you strangers to the Covenants of Promise, you have Hope, and you have God while you are here in this world.
Because NOW that you are IN CHRIST, though you were once far away, you have been brought near because of His Blood and you have access to all of the above.”

Do you remember and understand, that unbelieving individuals of Jewish heritage that are still WITHOUT CHRIST, DON’T BELONG to this particular “Commonwealth of ISRAEL” and DON’T have access to any of the above?

That this Commonwealth of ISRAEL is comprised of only those individuals, be they either Jew or Gentile, that are WITH CHRIST that LIVE in FAITH and BELIEVE in Yeshua?
And that would be the ONLY reason that any of these individuals HAVE access to the Covenants of Promise, Have Hope, and Have God while they are in this world?

Another way that Paul could have phrased Ephesians 2:12., would have been…
Before you were WITH CHRIST, you were aliens from the CHURCH. You were strangers from the Covenants of Promise and you had No Hope, and you were also without God while you are here in this world.”
But Paul utilized what he did, to express and convey the CHURCHES JEWISH origins.

Is that understood?
Okay then, let’s continue….

Paul also says to both Jews and Gentiles in Romans 9:6.;
Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all ISRAEL, which are of Israel:

Please allow for me to put Romans 9:6. in context, based upon Ephesians 2:12....

“It’s not as though the Word of God has somehow failed, it’s just that not every individual Israelite, belongs to the Commonwealth of ISRAEL.”

Where Paul then continues in verses 9:7,8. by explaining that those that are truly considered to be the legitimate children of God”, (be they Jew or Gentile) are the “seed of Isaac” and “the children of promise” and NOT simply those that have the fleshy biological lineage going back to Abraham.

(For if an individual Israelite is WITHOUT CHRIST, they are strangers to the Covenants of Promise and they have No Hope, and they are also without God in this world.)

Again Paul could have phrased the above as;
“It’s not as though the Word of God has somehow failed, it’s just that not every individual Israelite, belongs to the Church.”
But Paul records it as he does, to express and convey the CHURCHES JEWISH origins.

However, because Paul didn’t simply use the word “Church” is he also revealing to us something else as well?
Is Paul revealing that in God the Fathers eyes, there are TWO ISRAEL’S?

Well above we have Paul utilizing the phrases, “Israel of God, Commonwealth of Israel and not all of Israel which are of Israel” where the distinguishing factor would be, whether the individual members that belong to the above, Believe and have Faith in Yeshua or not.
Whether or not they belong to Yeshua’s Church and are the “children of God, seed of Isaac and the children of promise”. 

So consider this, AFTER Yeshua’s Death and Resurrection, and before the Gentile Cornelius and his family were called by God and brought into the fold, (Acts 10) there were TWO Israel’s.

1) There were the firstborn Jewish individuals (Ishmael’s) that didn’t believe or have faith in Yeshua being the Messiah.
2) And there were the second born of Spirit, Jewish individuals (Isaac’s) that did Believe and have Faith in Yeshua being the Messiah.

Though all were Israelites, they consisted of TWO entirely separate and distinct groups.
(Just as Paul had explained in the meaning of what was one of God’s damah’s, where Isaac and Ishmael though being from the same Father, symbolically represented these two groups, and were also two entirely separate and distinct individuals themselves.)

And are you aware that God foreshadows TWO ISRAEL’S within Scripture as historical damah’s as well?

Being God, the changing of Jacob’s name to Israel the FIRST time, would have surely be sufficient, wouldn’t it? And God does this in Genesis 32:28..
God only had to change Abram’s name to Abraham once, so what would be the necessity to change Jacob’s name to Israel a SECOND time in Genesis 35:10., if there wasn’t a logical reason to do so? (Doing so would also fulfill Amos 3:7..)

Taking all of this a bit further then, let’s look at Romans 11....

We as Gentile individuals that came from the wild olive tree, are grafted into the “Commonwealth of Israel” (we become a member of the Church) the good or cultivated olive tree, (Romans 11: 17. & 19.) and we now have the same access to the covenants of Promise, the same Hope in Yeshua, and we also have God while we’re in the world, exactly the same as the First Jewish Believers have. (See Acts 10:36., 15:8,9., Romans 3:22 & 29., 10:12.,1 Corinthians 12:13., Galatians 3:28., Ephesians 2:14., and Colossians 3:11.)
We have been grafted into the REMNANT according to the election of Grace, (Romans 11:5.).

The Jewish individuals that don’t believe or have faith in Yeshua being the Messiah, and who therefore still observe the Mosaic Law, have been broken off from this “Commonwealth of Israel” the good or cultivated olive tree, (Romans 11:17. & 19,20.).
Unbeliever’s are NOT members of the Church and because of their unbelief they are also still in their sin.

And because these Jewish individuals are still in their sin, they certainly CAN’T BE   HOLY!

Peter himself simply confirms that NO ONE, (no matter what their genealogical heritage consists of) is HOLY without their Faith and Belief in Yeshua.

Peter says in 1 Peter 2:9,10., while addressing the Jewish Believers of the Diaspora that were in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, and who were the recipients of his epistle;

To paraphrase verses 2:6-8
But you have not stumbled, nor have you been disobedient because you Believe….
“‘But ( SO NOW) ye ARE a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an HOLY nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of Him (Father God) who hath called you out of darkness into His (Yeshua’s) marvellous light Which in time past (before you Believed and had Faith in Yeshua, you) were NOT a people,  BUT ARE NOW (because you Believe and had Faith in Yeshua) the people of God: which (before you Believed and had Faith in Yeshua, you) had NOT obtained mercyBUT NOW (because you Believe and had Faith in Yeshua) HAVE obtained mercy.

Above Peter would be referring to Jewish Individuals that had been called by Father God according to the election of Grace to Believe and have Faith in Yeshua as the Promised Messiah.
And because of their Belief, these individuals have now also become a part of the Remnant.

These individuals would be some of the natural branches, (Romans 11:21.) that had been previously broken off from the “Commonwealth of Israel”, that have now been grafted back into the “Commonwealth of Israel” (the Church) the good or cultivated olive tree, because They NOW have Faith and Believe(Romans 11:23,24.).   

Therefore, Firstborn, unbelieving, natural Israel that is still in their sin, IS NOT the “Firstfruit” or the “Root”!

Yeshua is the “Firstfruit” and the “Root”, He is HOLY

As are the lump and the branches that are grafted INTOHim, which consists of the very First Jewish Believers, the Gentile Believers that followed, and the current combination of both that God chooses to call today.
The “Commonwealth of Israel”, The Church, are the lump and branches who are also holy, and they are a type or kind of Yeshua’s Firstfruits, (see James 1:18).

The “Firstfruit” in Romans 11:16. is derived from the Greek noun-nominative feminine singular “ἀπαρχὴ” transliterated as “aparchē”.
Aparchē in its simplest form would be defined as “the first piece of dough”.

Hence Paul’s utilization of the Greek neuter noun “φύραμα” transliterated as “phyrama” which is defined as, “any substance mixed with water and kneaded, a mass or lump of dough”. Which in this particular instance, this “lump” isn’t necessarily mixed with water, (unless you wish to understand it to be Living Water) but like Yeshua, is mixed with “Oil and Wine”.

Paul utilizes aparchē to express the fulness of its definitions, which are, “the first-fruits, the earliest crop of the year, to take away the firstfruits of the productions of the earth which was offered to God. The first portion of the dough, from which sacred loaves were to be prepared.”

Paul was well aware, that Yeshua’s resurrection was intimately connected with the “wave offering” recorded in Leviticus 23:9-14, and the “Firstfruits of the Harvest”, where one of the sacrificial offerings was of “fine flour that was mixed with oil and wine”.

Paul also refers to Yeshua as being the “Firstfruits” in 1 Corinthians 15:20-23., and to what would be the “Lump” or “Branches” or Believers that Live by Faith, as “Firstfruits”, within Romans 16:5. and 1 Corinthians 15:16..
Where all of us that have been “born of the Spirit” are the “Firstfruits”, Romans 8:23..

Romans 11:16. in context is;
For if the FIRSTFRUIT (YESHUAis HOLY, the lump (believers that live by faith) are also holy: and if the ROOT (YESHUAis HOLY, so are the branches (believers that live by faith).

Even Yeshua, (though He refers to Himself as the Vine in John 15:5.) signifies that those that are His as “branches”. Though in “Romans” a branch is from klados; a branch, twig or bough, whereas in “John” a branch is from klēma; a limb or shoot, a tender and flexible branch, compare the parallel’s with what Yeshua says within John 15:1-8. to what Paul says within Romans 11:16-24..

Nevertheless, we certainly aren’t supported by (Romans 11:18.), or grafted into firstborn, unbelieving, natural Israel that are STILL IN THEIR SIN.

No one that has become part of Yeshua’s Church, is then grafted into a body of individuals that are NOT Yeshua’s Church.
That belief is not only incorrect, but also, simply absurd.

Therefore Paul refers to the Gentile churches of Galatia as being included in the “Israel of God” because it is an accurate designation.
Though Gentiles, since they/we are WITH CHRIST they/we also belong to, and have been grafted into, the Commonwealth of ISRAEL.
Grafted into the Church. Grafted into Yeshua.

Romans 2:28,29.:
"For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the fleshBut he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart , in the Spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God. "

This Commonwealth of ISRAEL is the SECOND ISRAEL for like the Church itself, it didn’t even exist until AFTER Yeshua’s Birth, Death and Resurrection!

How could anyone be WITH CHRIST, before His Manifestation?
How could anyone have access to the covenants of Promise before His Birth, Death and Resurrection, when His Birth, Death and Resurrection on our behalf, is the fulfillment of that Promise?

Yeshua’s finished work had to be completed first, before any of us could Believe and have Faith in what He had accomplished for us on our behalf, and for anyone, be they Jew or Gentile, to become a member of this particular Commonwealth of ISRAEL.
To become a member of HIS Church.

Paul had been provided with far more knowledge than either you or I may possess, and clearly by what he says within Scripture, he is more than implying, that there are TWO ISRAEL’S.
There is a First Israel and a Second ISRAEL, (which apparently, Father God said so too).
I also believe this to be true, simply based upon the high esteem and blessings that Father God bestows upon all things that are Second as opposed First.

I’m sure that you’ve noticed, and have been curious, as to why I have written much of what I have, by including the designation of it being either “First or Second”?
Be it the Old First Covenant or New Second Covenant, or firstborn as opposed to new second born of Spirit creations

Again, in respects to man there is Ecclesiastes 4:15.;
I considered all the living which walk under the sun, with the SECOND child that shall stand up in his stead.

Then it would be the significance of what this Second either received or accomplished that made them the one that (shall stand up in his stead) or REPLACED the First.  

Having said that, I would also like to broach the subject of Firsts and Seconds simply because of the importance that Father God places upon them Himself.

Earlier within Chapter 4 of this commentary I brought up the subject of God’s damah’s, where I hope that I had provided you with sufficient evidence that in “having been spoken by God through His Prophets” a damah is also tôwrâh. (Divine Direction, Instruction and Teaching.)

I had provided the Akedah (or binding) of Genesis 22:1-19. and what many would be familiar with, and then I also provided Abram, and what I also hope was a sufficient amount of parallels between Abram and Jacob/Israel, to establish that Abram was a symbolic foreshadowing and a damah as well.

This was done to “lay the foundation” for what Paul clearly understood as a one of God’s damah’s, and his explanation of that damah regarding “what” and “whoIshmael and Isaac symbolically represent within Galatians 4:21-31..

However, God is multifaceted and there is far more to be discovered within these damah’s than just understanding “what” they happen to mean, or “who” they happen to represent as symbolic foreshadowing’s. The aspect of which comes First and Second within these damah’s is also very important and needs to be understood, because God Himself places far more prominence on Seconds as opposed to Firsts.

Now, all of the individuals that would be proponents of the Mosaic Law, would be in a uproar if I were to say that;
“At this current place in time, the Commonwealth of Israel or Church, (comprised of both Jew and Gentile that are now One) has REPLACED the natural unbelieving people of Israel.”
(Though that should be easily understood by all that Paul has said, and by what Peter said in1 Peter 2:9,10. above.)

Nonetheless, would they be justified in their condemnation, and could they prove through Scripture, that the above statement is merely hyperbole and conjectureOr is it just simply contrary to what they may happen to believe?

The first thing that would need to be confirmed, that would then establish the above statement as being true, would be if one could prove through Scripture, that in God the Father’s eyes, YESHUA Himself has REPLACED the natural unbelieving people of Israel.

Because if it could be determined that in God’s eyes YESHUA has REPLACED the natural unbelieving people of Israel, then we should also be able to reasonably conclude, that since we are His Body and have died with Him on His Cross, that we as His Commonwealth of Israel, His Church, would have also REPLACED natural unbelieving people of Israel as well.

Keeping in mind that Yeshua is The Messiah, God in the Flesh, and the very Image of God, and that the First Israel was Father God’s Firstborn son”, whereas Yeshua was Father God’s Second Born” and “Only Begotten Son”… let’s look at some of Father God’s recorded damah’s to see what they convey regarding the above.     

Did not Isaac REPLACE Ishmael ?
Didn’t Isaac receive the birthright and become the heir instead of Ishmael?
Isaac symbolically represents Yeshua, and Ishmael symbolically represents the first Israel.
(If one simply understands this, then that is substantive enough to verify the above statement. However for those that may not fully understand yet, I’ll continue…. )

Ishmael was the Firstborn, (Exodus 4:22.) born by the process of mere human procreation and he and Hagar were cast out (gârash) and Ishmael didn’t receive anything from his Father.

Isaac was the Second born, born by Divine Intervention by God and Spirit, and it was Isaac that became the heir, (Genesis 17:19., 24:35,36. and 25:5.). (Again, though Ishmael would have been present at the time, he isn’t even mentioned or acknowledged by the Lord or His two angles, within Genesis 18.)

Did not Jacob REPLACE Esau?
Didn’t Jacob receive the birthright and become the heir instead of Esau, (Genesis 25:29-33.)?
Wasn’t it Jacob who received the blessings of the Father, instead of Esau, (Genesis 27:18-29.)?

Esau was the Firstborn, that didn’t receive the birthright blessings of the Father.
Jacob was the Second born, that did receive the birthright blessings of the Father.

Jacob the Hebrew proper masculine noun “יַעֲקֹ֑ב” transliterated as “Ya’akov” is simply defined as “heel holder, he grasps the heel” as well as “supplanter”.
Supplanter” is defined as, “to trip up or overthrow” or in other words to “ REPLACE”.

God changed Jacob’s name to Israel the FIRST time, in Genesis 32:28..
God changed Jacob’s name to Israel a SECOND time in Genesis 35:10..
(Then there was Joseph who was a “type” of a Messiah.  And when Jacob, (who was a “type” of Father God) adopted Joseph’s sons, he REPLACED Manasseh, (Mĕnashsheh - causing to forget) Joseph’s Firstborn son, with Ephraim ('Ephrayim - I shall be doubly fruitful) Joseph’s SECOND Born son.
Ephraim though being SECOND Born, received the BIRTHRIGHT BLESSINGS from Jacob, instead of Manasseh.)
Do you happen to see a pattern emerging here?
Are you starting to see the significance that Father God places on Seconds as opposed to Firsts?

As well, do you happen to be aware that God’s damah’s regarding Israel and Yeshua go even further back in time than the above?
(See, Isaiah 46:9,10., Psalm 40:6-8., Hebrews 10:7.)

In the context of a damah, how do you perceive the following?
Who do you think that Cain and Able symbolically represent and foreshadow in being “types”?

Cain was the Firstborn.
Cain’s offering wasn’t received as being sufficient by YHVH.

Able was the Second Born.
By FAITH, Able’s offering was sufficient and considered to be a more excellent sacrifice, being a sacrifice with the blood of the FIRSTFRUIT of HIS flock.
Able’s offering was therefore accepted by YHVH, where through that offering, Able received the testimony of being RIGHTEOUS, (Hebrews 11:4.).

Whereupon we then have Cain the firstborn, not only committing murder, but fratricide.
Cain kills Able his brother, the Second born RIGHTEOUS SHEPARD and the Keeper of the Sheep. Where after committing that act, Cain is then banished and cast out (gârash) from the face of God and subjected to wandering the face of the earth.
Cain most definitely lost his birthright.

Had Able lived, he, (like Isaac and Jacob) would have REPLACED Cain, and would have received the Birthright instead. Therefore Seth was created to REPLACE Able, (Genesis 4:25.) and he in turn was the recipient of Abel’s Birthright.

Yeshua was the Second Born and IS most definitely, the RIGHTEOUS SHEPARD and Keeper of His sheep. Yeshua’s Sacrifice was also accepted by YHVH, being the most excellent sacrifice. Being a Sacrifice with the Blood of the Lamb, God Himself, the FIRSTFRUIT of HIS flock.  
Yeshua has The BIRTHRIGHT and HE IS The HEIR.

Is an explanation for the above as a damah really necessary?

Now according to what is recorded in Scripture, Able’s offering was the Second time that an animal had ever been killed, where Able then received the testimony of being Righteous.

The First is recorded in Genesis 3:21. where the Lord God provided skins for clothing by killing an animal to cover both Adam’s and the Woman’s nakedness.
However, though provided by the Divine to cover their nakedness (or sin), the result of that First provision didn’t amount to Righteousness.

Let’s look at the above through the lens and perspective, of also being a damah;

The First Israel God’s firstborn, was provided with the Mosaic Law by the Divine to cover their nakedness and sin, though it is not possible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away and cover their sins, (Hebrews 10:4.). Neither is it possible for the burnt offerings, or any sacrifices or offering through the Mosaic Law able to bring pleasure to the Divine, (Hebrews 10:8), because it is evident that no mere man will be justified and declared to be righteous by the Mosaic Law, (Galatians 3:11.).

Now however, in the fulness of Father God’s timeline, (Galatians 4:4.) it is time for Yeshua, God’s Second and Only Begotten Son to be born through” and “for” the purpose of Divine Intervention, to fulfill All of Father God’s Tôwrâh Promises. (Matthew 5:17.)
Where by His Finished Work, He creates, (John 1:3. would be applicable here) the Church, the Second ISRAEL, the Commonwealth of Israel, and the New Second Covenant, being the Firstfruit of His flock.

Hebrews 10:9.;
Then said He (Yeshua), Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He (Yeshua) taketh away (anaireō; in context, to take away, abolishto do away with or abrogate) the FIRST (Old Covenant of bondage the Mosaic Law), that He (Yeshua) may establish the SECOND (New Covenant of Liberty and Freedom).”

In context, Paul, (who was definitely the author of the book of Hebrews) was referring to “Covenants” within the above verse.
Does that not simply state, that the FIRST has been REPLACED by the SECOND?

Though it should be self-evident, in respects to Cain and Able as being one of God’s damah’s;
Able being the second born, a Shepard and a keeper of the sheep, who then receives the testimony of being Righteous by offering blood from the Firstfruit of his flock and then being killed, symbolically represents and foreshadows Yeshua and His Death.
Able’s sacrifice was more than likely a Firstfruit Lamb.
(And though we are not provided with a time frame, I suspect that this more than likely occurred on what would end up being Passover as well.)

Thus, Cain symbolically represents and foreshadows unbelieving firstborn natural Israel who through the Sanhedrin Priesthood, crucified their brother Yeshua, where in 70 AD the Roman Titus and later in 135 AD the Roman Hadrian, overtook Israel and Jerusalem and the people were scattered and left to wander the earth.
Even if you have difficulty in understanding God’s damah’s, if God has called natural Israel His Firstborn son (Exodus 4:22) then calls Yeshua who was His Second Born Son, His Only Begotten Son, (John 1:14. and 18., 3:16. and 18., and 1 John 4:9.) it should be quite clear that a significant REPLACEMENT has occurred.

(NOTE, Here is a brief and interesting sidebar;
From the very beginning, The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob has, through His tôwrâh damah’s, foretold of His Promise to have a Divinely Appointed, born of Spirit, Saving Messiah Son.

On the other hand, the Islamic Allah” states in the Qur’an;

Surah 4:171. O People of the Scripture! (in context Christians) Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter aught concerning Allah save the truth.
The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of Allah, and His word which He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him.
So believe in Allah and His messengers, and say not “Three” – Cease! - it is better for you! – Allah is only One Allah. Far is it removed from His Transcendent Majesty that He (Allah) should have a son. To Him belongs everything in the heavens and the earth, and Allah is sufficient as Defender.

Surah 17:111. And say, “Praise be to Allah, who has not begotten a son, nor has He a partner in sovereignty, nor has He an ally out of weakness, and glorify Him constantly.”

Surah 19:88-92. They say: (in context Christians) “(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten a son!” Indeed ye have put forth a thing most monstrous!
At it the skies are ready to burst, the earth to split asunder, and the mountains to fall down in utter ruin, That they should invoke a son for (Allah) Most Gracious. For it is not consonant with the majesty of (Allah) Most Gracious that He should begat a son.

If The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob has stated that HE will have a Son, and Allah has stated that he has NOT had a son, then Allah is NOT The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, but is a counterfeit imposter!)


Though I believe that the above has already addressed the validity of my Replacement statement, let’s review the above, and add not only Cain and Able, but also Abram/Abraham, to see what we should all recognize as Biblical Fact, and then you can draw your own conclusion based upon what God is saying to us within these damah’s.

Able the Second born obtained Righteousness and therefore due to the worthiness of his accepted sacrifice, Able REPLACED Cain the Firstborn who was cast out. ( Able was then REPLACED by Seth, the 3rd. child, which is a damah all on its own.)

Abram/Abraham is unique.
Abram though Firstborn, became a Second born after his Belief and Faith when he was declared to be Righteous, (like us).
At the time he was First the Exalted Father, (of just Israel) but then God changed his name to Abraham and he became the Father of Multitudes or Nations, (of all people).
Abraham REPLACED Abram.

Isaac the Second born of Spirit and Promise, became the only legitimate child, he attained the Birthright and was the only Heir, and Isaac REPLACED Ishmael the Firstborn who was cast out.

Jacob the Second born attained the Birthright and the Blessings of the Father and therefore Jacob REPLACED Esau the Firstborn.

As stated, all of the above are not only historical recordings, but are also damah’s that Father God has provided for us as Tôwrâh, (Direction, Instruction and Teaching).
These damah’s are symbolic foreshadowing’s, and they as well as all of what is recorded within Scripture, point to Yeshua, (Psalm 40:6-8., Hebrews 10:7.).

What Able, Abram/Abraham, Isaac and Jacob receive as Blessings, are foreshadowing’s of what Yeshua will attain and accomplish, not only for Himself, but also for those that Believe that He is The Messiah, and who Live by Faith in His Finished Work.

Consider the following…. while remembering that damah’s are not an exact match, but the parallels are such, that they can be recognized through the Spirit, (just as we all recognize the Akedah, Genesis 22:1-19. to be a symbolic foreshadowing of God the Father and Yeshua.)

(Like Able, (Abraham), Isaac and Jacob) Yeshua was the Second Born.

(Like Isaac) Yeshua was born of Spirit and of Promise.

(Like Able, Abram/Abraham) Yeshua attained the testimony of being Righteousness.

(Like Able, his death) Yeshua was killed by His brother(’s), Yeshua’s Sacrifice, His Death(which is foreshadowed again as being Divine Intervention with Abraham and Isaac within Genesis 22:1-19.).

(Like Isaac, Thine only son) Yeshua is the Legitimate, Only Begotten Son.

(Like (Able) Isaac and Jacob) Yeshua most certainly attained the Birthright and is The Heir.

And (like Abraham, Isaac and Jacob) Yeshua received the Blessings of the Father.

(Abram/Abraham obeyed each and every commandment that the Divine had asked of him before he obtained righteousness and after. (See the Appendix.) Therefore, though not mentioned, he would have been without sin in God’s eyes, based upon the existing criteria at the time. (Romans 5:13.)
Moses made his solitary mistake in Kadesh, (Numbers 20:6-13.).

Yeshua was without sin and attained Righteousness because He also obeyed each and every commandment that was asked of Him, (Romans 5:19., Hebrews 5:8.).

(Abram represents the Jew First) where through Yeshua (Melchizedek) the Jew that Believed and had Faith would be reconciled to Father God, (which at that particular time, before Cornelius) Father God was simply the God of one Nation of people

(Abraham became the Father of Nations) Father God through Yeshua became the God of all Nations and of all people.

Furthermore, due to the Worthiness of Yeshua’s Accepted Sacrifice, those that Believe in HIM, and who Walk in the Spirit by Faith, are granted the opportunity to become Adoptive Sons of Father God and joint Heirs with Yeshua.

Those that Walk in the Spirit by Faith are granted the opportunity to become the Bride.
Abraham had stipulated to Eliezer in Genesis 24:3,4., that Isaac, (Yeshua) will only have a wife that comes from his family. Yeshua’s Church, His Commonwealth of Israel.

So in God the Father’s eyes, did Yeshua REPLACE the Firstborn natural unbelieving Israel?
Remembering that Yeshua was God in the flesh, and the very Image of God Himself, as well as the fulfillment of Promise regarding the foretold and necessary Divine Intervention for man, that has also been recorded from the very beginning in Father God’s damah’s?

Of course He did! 

Furthermore, Yeshua has REPLACED the Levitical Priesthood by being our High Priest in the Order of Melchizedek.

Yeshua the Second Born was HOLY, without spot or blemish and was without sin.
Israel the Firstborn, and the Levitical Priesthood (the first Priesthood) was not.

The First High Priests had to offer up DAILY sacrifices for not only themselves, but for all of the individuals that comprised the First Israel, where even with that, NO ONE was declared to be righteous, (Hebrews 7:27., 10:4., Romans 3:10-12.).

Yeshua as our High Priest didn’t require the necessity to offer up any sacrifice for Himself, instead He offered up Himself ONCE as the Sacrificial Lamb, where everyone that truly has Faith and Belief in His Finished Work, WOULD be Justified, and declared to be Righteous.
Clearly then, Yeshua as the Second High Priest in the Order of Melchizedek, has REPLACED the First High Priest’s.

(Yeshua is also the ONLY means for eternal inheritance, therefore Yeshua has also REPLACED Death with LIFE, John 11:25.).

As well, if Yeshua as the Second is our MEDIATOR NOW, (mesitēs; “a go between, one who intervenes between two, either in order to make or restore peace and friendship, or form a compact, or for ratifying a covenant” i.e.,1 Timothy 2:5., Hebrews 8:6., 9:15., and 12:4.) and Moses was the FIRST Mediator, then clearly Yeshua has REPLACED Moses.

Subsequently then, Yeshua as the Second, has also REPLACED the First means for Righteousness of Mosaic Law, (from Deuteronomy 6:25. to Romans 10:4.).

Which also means, that the NEW SECOND COVENANT that Yeshua died to create has REPLACED the OLD FIRST COVENANT. (Jerimiah 31: 31-33., Hebrews 8:6,7. & 13., 9:15., 10:9.)

Yeshua is the ONLY DOOR, (John 10:7. and 9.) and the ONLY WAY to the FATHER, (John 14:6.).

YESHUA as the Second Only Begotten Son, has indeed REPLACED the Firstborn son comprised of natural unbelieving Israel.
(In actuality, if you disagree with this, then you also have to believe that Father God has simply denied Himself and placed the First Israel above that of Yeshua, and that Divine Intervention for mere man, was not only unnecessary, but that Yeshua also died in vain.)

However if you now understand the truth of my previous statement, then you should also realize, that since we, being His Church, His Commonwealth of Israel are also His Body, where we have also died with Him on the Cross, and become a new second born of Spirit creation, then we are also partakers of all of His accomplishments that He provides for us on our behalf.

So if Yeshua has REPLACED Firstborn Israel, the Levitical Priesthood, the Law of Moses, the first means for righteousness, Moses as mediator and the First Old Covenant, then so have “we” that are His.

Are not those that “LIVE by FAITHpartakers of Yeshua’s Finished Work?
If so, where is Yeshua? Where is Jesus right now?
While HE is on HIS THRONE at the Right hand of FATHER GOD, is HE still trying to maintain HIS position of RIGHTEOUSNESS?
Is HE still bound to observe the Mosaic Law, Or has HE FINISHED HIS WORK?
Hasn’t HE firmly established HIS position ONCE and FOR ALL, as the KING Of kings?

Well, though we are still in human form and still on the earth, “IF” we are truly “INHIM, as “HIS Body”, would “those that are HIS” still be bound to observe the Mosaic Law to maintain “their” position of RIGHTEOUSNESS?

By everything that Paul has written within this epistle, (and elsewhere) the answer is “NO!”

This is why “we” are never told, NOT EVEN ONCE within New Second Covenant Scripture, to observe the Mosaic Law!

Because Living by Faithis NOT about us trying to accomplish in our own futile human effortwhatYeshua has already accomplished on our behalfLiving by Faithmeans that we are Trusting in God’s Promise and whatYeshua has already accomplished on our behalf!
This is “why” if someone does choose to still observe the Mosaic Law, they are “nullifying, disregarding and making void” the GRACE of GOD and Yeshua’s Finished Work that HE accomplished for them on their behalf.

Unfortunately, those that choose to observe the Mosaic Law, don’t realize that they have chosen to place themselves in a position that is tantamount to, as if Yeshua HASN’T COME and Died on the Cross, or been Resurrected yet.
They have chosen to place themselves in a position of being a firstborn again.

Where the consequence of that choice, means that they are now bound to observe each and every aspect of the Mosaic Law that pertains to them, simply in a futile human effort to obtain any righteousness whatsoever.

Paul was afraid and concerned for the Galatians, and I share this same fear and concern for those individuals that have done way more, than lost their way.       

Now none of the above means that Father God is finished with natural unbelieving Israel!
If one understands Romans 11:25….

For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness (pōrōsis; “blindness, hardness, obtrusiveness of mental (and spiritual) discernment, and the dulled perception”, that God Himself for His purpose, has caused to come upon the First Israel) in part is happened to   Israel, until the fulness (plērōma; completeness, or from Cornelius to the lastof the Gentiles be come in (eiserchomai; in context, “has become a member of Yeshua’s Church”).” 

Then they will also understand, that at this particular moment, we are in a “window of time”, where after that last Gentile, (where God knows who that individual will be, by His foreknowledge and predetermination) has become a member of Yeshua’s Church, then God will refocus His attention upon the First Israel again.

Book of Galatians Law vs Grace with Firsts and Seconds including God's Promise and discussion of Faith compared to Mosaic Law